Manchester through the ages!

MIDDLE AGES MANCHESTER

Manchester in the 11th Century (time of Normans) was now a small village. The population increased in England in the 12th Century and because of this many new towns was founded. Early 13th Century Manchester was made into a town.

In the Middle Ages Manchester was small, research has shown that an educated guess of the population was 2,500 people. 

A charter was given to the town in 1301.

16TH CENTURY MANCHESTER

Manchester was still quite small in comparison to other towns in England. It wasn't nationally important but locally it was considered so. A writer of the time described it as 'the best built, busiest and most populous town in Lancashire'

17TH CENTURY MANCHESTER

in 1603 there was an outbreak of plague which was rumoured to wipe out one quarter of it's population. However during this time Manchester became famous for wool and cotton and many people were willing to relocate to the town for work in these industries. (If only they'd had just moved to, to help them find all the information for their new location!)

1642 brought civil war between King and parliament. Manchester sided with parliament. The royalists attempted several attacks on Manchester but were unsuccessful on all occasions with Manchester remaining in parliamentary hands for the duration of the war, however this did cause some disruption to it's trade. 

18TH CENTURY MANCHESTER

The 18th Century brought the industrial revolution in which the textile industry boomed bringing with it more workers. Throughout this century Manchester's population grew from 10,000 to 70,000!

With an increased population also came improvements to the town including the building of Manchester infirmary, it's first theatre and Bridgewater canal. 

19TH CENTURY MANCHESTER

Piped water wasn't a thing until a water company in 1816 supplied it. Gas street lights was introduced in the 1820's. Manchester turned into an inland port when the Manchester Ship Canal opened.

20TH CENTURY MANCHESTER

The metro link trams began in 1992. IRA bombs destroyed the Centre of the city in 1996 but it was re-built. In 1998 the Trafford Centre opened. 

21ST CENTURY MANCHESTER

Today, Manchester is a flourishing city! The industries have declined but other areas thrive. Population today is 483,000.